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Organic Agriculture

ERS Reports on Organic Emerging Issues

USDA’s Economic Research Service released ‘‘Emerging Issues in the U.S. Organic Industry”  in June 2009 reporting on recent economic research on the adoption of organic farming systems, organic production costs and returns, and market conditions. The report provides data that will lead to a better understanding of the organic supply squeeze and other emerging issues in the organic industry. Consumer demand for organic products has increased in the past decade, but for both individual firms and the organic sector overall, market participants report a supply squeeze. Partly in response to shortages in organic supply in 2008, Congress included provisions in the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (the 2008 Farm Bill) that, for the first time, provided financial support to farmers to convert to organic production.


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