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National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act Amendments of 1985

TITLE XIV--AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBTITLE A--GENERAL PROVISIONS

SHORT TITLE

SEC. 1401. This title may be cited as the "National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act Amendments of 1985".

FINDINGS

SEC. 1402. [Amendments to section 1402 of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (99 Stat. 1542; 7 U.S.C. 3101 note).]

DEFINITIONS

SEC. 1403. [Amendments to section 1404(8) of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (99 Stat. 1544; 7 U.S.C. 3103(8)).]

RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE SECRETARY OF AGRICULTURE

SEC. 1404. [Amendments to section 1405 of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (99 Stat. 1544; 7 U.S.C. 3121).]

JOINT COUNCIL ON FOOD AND AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES

SEC. 1405. [Amendments to section 1407 of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (99 Stat. 1545; 7 U.S.C. 3122).]

NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH AND EXTENSION USERS ADVISORY BOARD

SEC. 1406. [Amendments to section 1408 of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (99 Stat. 1545; 7 U.S.C. 3123).]

FEDERAL-STATE PARTNERSHIP

SEC. 1407. [Amendments to section 1409A of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (99 Stat. 1545; 7 U.S.C. 3124).]

REPORT OF THE SECRETARY OF AGRICULTURE

SEC. 1408. [Amendments to section 1410 of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (99 Stat. 1546; 7 U.S.C. 3125).]

COMPETITIVE, SPECIAL, AND FACILITIES RESEARCH GRANTS

SEC. 1409. [Amendments to section 2 of the Act entitled "An Act to facilitate the work of the Department of Agriculture, and for other purposes", approved August 4, 1965 (99 Stat. 1546; 7 U.S.C. 450i).]

GRANTS FOR SCHOOLS OF VETERINARY MEDICINE

SEC. 1410. [Amendment to section 1415 of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (99 Stat. 1547; 7 U.S.C. 3151).]

RESEARCH FACILITIES

SEC. 1411. [Amendments to the Act entitled "An Act to assist the States to provide additional facilities for research at the State agricultural experiment stations", approved July 22, 1963 (99 Stat. 1547; 7 U.S.C. 390).]

GRANTS AND FELLOWSHIPS FOR FOOD AND AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES EDUCATION

SEC. 1412. [Amendments to section 1417 of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (99 Stat. 1548; 7 U.S.C. 3152).]

FOOD AND HUMAN NUTRITION RESEARCH AND EXTENSION PROGRAM

SEC. 1413. [Repeal of sections 1424 and 1427 of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (99 Stat. 1549; 7 U.S.C. 3174 and 3177).]

ANIMAL HEALTH AND DISEASE RESEARCH

SEC. 1414. [Amendments to sections 1432, 1433, and 1434 of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (99 Stat. 1549; 7 U.S.C. 3194, 3195, and 3196).]

EXTENSION AT 1890 LAND-GRANT COLLEGES

SEC. 1415. [Amendments to section 1444 of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (99 Stat. 1549; 7 U.S.C. 3221).]

GRANTS TO UPGRADE 1890 LAND-GRANT COLLEGE EXTENSION FACILITIES

SEC. 1416.(2) (a) It is the intent of Congress to assist institutions eligible to receive funds under the Act of August 30, 1890 (26 Stat. 417, chapter 841; 7 U.S.C. 321 et seq.), including Tuskegee Institute (hereafter in this section referred to as "eligible institutions"), in the acquisition and improvement of extension facilities and equipment so that eligible institutions may participate fully with the State cooperative extension services in a balanced way in meeting the extension needs of the people of their respective States.

(b)(3) There are authorized to be appropriated for the purpose of carrying out this section $10,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 1991 and 1992, such sums to remain available until expended.

(c) Four percent of the sums appropriated under this section shall be available to the Secretary of Agriculture for administration of the grants program under this section. The remaining funds shall be made available for grants to the eligible institutions for the purpose of assisting the institutions in the purchase of equipment and land, and the planning, construction, alteration, or renovation of buildings, to provide adequate facilities to conduct extension work in their respective States.

(d) Grants awarded under this section shall be made in such amounts and under such terms and conditions as the Secretary of Agriculture shall determine necessary for carrying out this section.

(e) Federal funds provided under this section may not be used for the payment of any overhead costs of the eligible institutions.

(f) The Secretary of Agriculture may promulgate such rules and regulations as the Secretary considers necessary to carry out this section.

RESEARCH AT 1890 LAND-GRANT COLLEGES

SEC. 1417. [Amendments to section 1445 of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (99 Stat. 1550; 7 U.S.C. 3222).]

INTERNATIONAL AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH AND EXTENSION

SEC. 1418. [Amendments to section 1458 of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (99 Stat. 1550; 7 U.S.C. 3291).]

INTERNATIONAL TRADE DEVELOPMENT CENTERS

SEC. 1419. [Amendment adds a new section 1458A to the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (99 Stat. 1550; 7 U.S.C. 3292).]

AGRICULTURAL INFORMATION EXCHANGE WITH IRELAND

SEC. 1420.(4) The Secretary of Agriculture shall undertake discussions with representatives of the Government of Ireland that may lead to an agreement that will provide for the development of a program between the United States and Ireland whereby there will be--

(1) a greater exchange of--

(A) agricultural scientific and educational information, techniques, and data;

(B) agricultural marketing information, techniques, and data; and

(C) agricultural producer, student, teacher, agribusiness (private and cooperative) personnel; and

(2) the fostering of joint investment ventures, cooperative research, and the expansion of United States trade with Ireland.

STUDIES

SEC. 1421. [Repeals sections 1459, 1460, 1461, and 1462 of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (99 Stat. 1552; 7 U.S.C. 3301-3304).]

AUTHORIZATION FOR APPROPRIATIONS FOR CERTAIN AGRICULTURAL PROGRAMS

SEC. 1422. [Amendments to section 1463 of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (99 Stat. 1552; 7 U.S.C. 3311).]

AUTHORIZATION FOR APPROPRIATIONS FOR EXTENSION EDUCATION

SEC. 1423. [Amendment to section 1464 of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (99 Stat. 1552; 7 U.S.C. 3312).]

CONTRACTS, GRANTS, AND COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS

SEC. 1424. [Amendments to section 1472 of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (99 Stat. 1552; 7 U.S.C. 3318).]

INDIRECT COSTS

SEC. 1425. [Amendment to section 1473 of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (99 Stat. 1553; 7 U.S.C. 3319).]

COST-REIMBURSABLE AGREEMENTS

SEC. 1426. [Amendment adds a new section 1473A to the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (99 Stat. 1553; 7 U.S.C. 3319a).]

TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT

SEC. 1427. [Amendments add new sections 1473B and 1473C to the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (99 Stat. 1553; 7 U.S.C. 3319b and c).]

SUPPLEMENTAL AND ALTERNATIVE CROPS

SEC. 1428. [Amendment adds a new section 1473D to the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (99 Stat. 1554; 7 U.S.C. 3319d).]

AQUACULTURE

SEC. 1429. [Amendments to section 1475, repeal of section 1476, and amendment to section 1477 of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (99 Stat. 1555; 7 U.S.C. 3322).]

RANGELAND RESEARCH

SEC. 1430. [Amendment to section 1482 and section 1483 of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (99 Stat. 1556; 7 U.S.C. 3335 and 3336).]

AUTHORIZATION FOR APPROPRIATIONS FOR FEDERAL AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH FACILITIES

SEC. 1431.(a)(5) There are authorized to be appropriated for each of the fiscal years 1991 through 1995, such sums as may be necessary for the planning, construction, acquisition, alteration, and repair of buildings and other public improvements, including the cost of acquiring or obtaining rights to use land, of or used by the Agricultural Research Service, except that--

(1) the cost of planning any one facility shall not exceed $500,000; and

(2) the total cost of any one facility shall not exceed $5,000,000.

(b)(6) Not later than 60 days after the end of each of the fiscal years 1991 through 1995, the Secretary of Agriculture shall submit to the Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives and to the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a report specifying--

(1) the location of each building, laboratory, research facility, and other public improvement of or to be used by the Agricultural Research Service that is planned, constructed, acquired, repaired, or remodeled, with funds appropriated under subsection (a), in the fiscal year involved; and

(2) with respect to each such building, laboratory, research facility, and improvement--

(A) the amount of such funds obligated in the fiscal year; and

(B) the amount of such funds expended in the fiscal year for such item.

DAIRY GOAT RESEARCH

SEC. 1432. [Amendment to section 1432 of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act Amendments of 1981 (99 Stat. 1557; 7 U.S.C. 3222 note).]

GRANTS TO UPGRADE 1890 LAND-GRANT COLLEGE RESEARCH FACILITIES

SEC. 1433. [Amendments to section 1433 of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act Amendments of 1981 (99 Stat. 1557; 7 U.S.C. 3223).]

SOYBEAN RESEARCH ADVISORY INSTITUTE

SEC. 1434. [Repeal of section 1446 of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act Amendments of 1981 (99 Stat. 1557; 7 U.S.C. 2281 note).]

SMITH-LEVER ACT

SEC. 1435. [Amendments contained in (a) and (b) to the Act of May 8, 1914 (commonly known as the Smith-Lever Act) (99 Stat. 1557; 7 U.S.C. 342 and 343).]

(c)(1) The Secretary of Agriculture shall conduct a study to determine whether any funds that are--

(A) appropriated after the date of the enactment of this Act to carry out the Smith-Lever Act (7 U.S.C. 341 et seq.), other than section 8 of such Act (7 U.S.C. 347a); and

(B) in excess of the aggregate amount appropriated to carry out the Smith-Lever Act (other than section 8 of such Act) in the fiscal year ending September 30, 1985, can be allocated more effectively among the States.

(2) Not later than 1 year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a report summarizing the results of such study and containing the recommendations of the Secretary regarding the allocation of such funds.

(d) This section and the amendments made by this section shall become effective on October l, 1985.

MARKET EXPANSION RESEARCH

SEC. 1436.(7)(a) The Secretary of Agriculture, using available funds, shall increase and intensify research programs conducted by or for the Department of Agriculture that are directed at developing technology to overcome barriers to expanded sales of United States agricultural commodities and the products thereof in domestic and foreign markets, including research programs for the development of procedures to meet plant quarantine requirements and improvement in the transportation and handling of perishable agricultural commodities.

(b)(1) The Secretary of Agriculture shall conduct a research and development program to formulate new uses for farm and forest products. Such program shall include, but not be limited to, research and development of industrial, new, and value-added products.

(2) To the extent practicable, the Secretary of Agriculture shall carry out the program authorized in this subsection with colleges and universities, private industry, and Federal and State entities through a combination of grants, cooperative agreements, contracts, and interagency agreements.

(3)(A) There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as are necessary to carry out the program authorized under this subsection.

(B) In addition, the Secretary may use funds appropriated or made available to the Secretary under provisions of law other than subparagraph (A) to carry out such program.

(C) To the extent requests are made for matching funds under such program, the total amount of funds used by the Secretary to carry out the program under this subsection may not be less than $10,000,000 for each of the fiscal years ending September 30, 1986, through September 30, 1990.

(4) Funds appropriated under subparagraph (A) or made available under subparagraph (B) may be transferred among appropriation accounts to carry out the purposes of the program authorized under this subsection.

(5) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Federal share of the cost of each research or development project funded under this subsection may not exceed 50 percent of the cost of such project.

PESTICIDE RESISTANCE STUDY

SEC. 1437.(a) The Secretary of Agriculture is encouraged to conduct a study on the detection and management of pesticide resistance and, within 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, submit to the President and Congress a report on such study.

(b) The study shall include--

(1) a review of existing efforts to examine and identify the mechanisms, genetics, and ecological dynamics of target populations of insect and plant pests developing resistance to pesticides;

(2) a review of existing efforts to monitor current and historical patterns of pesticide resistance; and

(3) a strategy for the establishment of a national pesticide resistance monitoring program, involving Federal, State, and local agencies, as well as the private sector.

EXPANSION OF EDUCATION STUDY

SEC. 1438. (a) The Secretary of Agriculture and the Secretary of Education are authorized to take such joint action as may be necessary to expand the scope of the study, known as the Study of Agriculture Education on the Secondary Level, currently being conducted by the National Academy of Sciences and sponsored jointly by the Departments of Agriculture and Education to include--

(1) a study of the potential use of modern technology in the teaching of agriculture programs at the secondary school level; and

(2) recommendations of the National Academy of Sciences on how modern technology can be most effectively utilized in the teaching of agricultural programs at the secondary school level.

(b) Any increase in the cost of conducting such study as a result of expanding the scope of such study pursuant to subsection (a) shall be borne by the Secretary of Agriculture out of funds appropriated to the Department of Agriculture for research and education or from funds made available to the National Academy of Sciences from private sources to expand the scope of such study.

CRITICAL AGRICULTURAL MATERIALS

SEC. 1439. [Amendments to section 5 of the Critical Agricultural Materials Act (99 Stat. 1559; 7 U.S.C. 178c).]

SPECIAL GRANTS FOR FINANCIALLY STRESSED FARMERS AND AND DISLOCATED FARMERS

SEC. 1440. [Amendments to Title V of the Rural Development Act of 1972 (99 Stat. 1560; 7 U.S.C. 2662).]

ANNUAL REPORT ON FAMILY FARMS

SEC. 1441. [Amendments to section 102(b) of the Food and Agriculture Act of 1977 (99 Stat. 1560; 7 U.S.C. 2266(b)).]

CONFORMING AMENDMENTS TO TABLES OF CONTENTS

SEC. 1442. [Amendments to tables of contents of the Food and Agriculture Act of 1977 and the Agriculture and Food Act of 1981 (99 Stat. 1561).]

SUBTITLE B--HUMAN NUTRITION RESEARCH

FINDINGS

SEC. 1451.(8) Congress finds that--

(1) nutrition and health considerations are important to United States agricultural policy;

(2) section 1405 of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3121) designates the Department of Agriculture as the lead agency of the Federal Government for human nutrition research (except with respect to the biomedical aspects of human nutrition concerned with diagnosis or treatment of disease);

(3) section 1423 of such Act (7 U.S.C. 3173) requires the Secretary of Agriculture to establish research into food and human nutrition as a separate and distinct mission of the Department of Agriculture;

(4) the Secretary has established a nutrition education program; and

(5) nutrition research continues to be of great importance to those involved in agricultural production.

HUMAN NUTRITION RESEARCH

SEC. 1452.(9) (a) Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Agriculture (hereafter in this subtitle referred to as the "Secretary") shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a comprehensive plan for implementing a national food and human nutrition research program, including recommendations relating to research directions, educational activities, and funding levels necessary to carry out such plan.

(b) Not later than 1 year after the date of the submission of the plan required under subsection (a), and each year thereafter, the Secretary shall submit to such committees an annual report on the human nutrition research activities conducted by the Secretary.

DIETARY ASSESSMENT AND STUDIES

SEC. 1453.(10) (a) The Secretary of Agriculture and the Secretary of Health and Human Services shall jointly conduct an assessment of existing scientific literature and research relating to--

(1) the relationship between dietary cholesterol and blood cholesterol and human health and nutrition; and

(2) dietary calcium and its importance in human health and nutrition.

In conducting the assessments under this subsection, the Secretaries shall consult with agencies of the Federal Government involved in related research. On completion of such assessments, the Secretaries shall each recommend such further studies as the Secretaries consider useful.

(b) Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Agriculture and the Secretary of Health and Human Services shall each submit to the House Committees on Agriculture and Energy and Commerce and the Senate Committees on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry and Labor and Human Resources a report that shall include the results of the assessments conducted under subsection (a) and recommendations made under such subsection, for more complete studies of the issues examined under such subsection, including a protocol, feasibility assessment, budget estimates and a timetable for such research as each Secretary shall consider appropriate.

SUBTITLE C--AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY RESEARCH(11)


(1) The National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act Amendments of 1985 are set forth in Title XIV of the Food Security Act of 1985, Public Law 99-198, 99 Stat. 1542.

(2) 7 U.S.C. 3224.

(3) The Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990, Public Law 101-624, November 28, 1990, 104 Stat. 3704, section 1601(d)(1), amended subsection (b) by deleting the words "ending September 30, 1986, through September 30, 1990" and inserting in lieu thereof the words "1991 and 1992".

(4) The Federal Reports elimination and Sunset Act of 1995, Public Law 104-66, section 1011(f), 109 Stat. 709, amends subsection (a) by striking "(a)" and by striking subsection (b) which provides for a report to Congress on the program.

(5) The Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990, Public Law 101-624, November 28, 1990, 104 Stat. 3704, section 1601(d)(2), amended subsection (a) by deleting the words "ending September 30, 1988, through September 30, 1990" and inserting in lieu thereof the words "1991 through 1995"; and amended subsection (b) by deleting the words "ending September 30, 1986, through September 30, 1990" and inserting in lieu thereof the words "1991 through 1995".

(6) The Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990, Public Law 101-624, November 28, 1990, 104 Stat. 3704, section 1601(d)(2), amended subsection (a) by deleting the words "ending September 30, 1988, through September 30, 1990" and inserting in lieu thereof the words "1991 through 1995"; and amended subsection (b) by deleting the words "ending September 30, 1986, through September 30, 1990" and inserting in lieu thereof the words "1991 through 1995".

(7) 7 U.S.C. 1632.

(8) 7 U.S.C. 3173 note.

(9) 7 U.S.C. 3173 note.

(10) 7 U.S.C. 3173 note.

(11) The Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990, Public Law 101-624, November 28, 1990, 104 Stat. 3734, section 1620, repealed Subtitle C (sections 1461 through 1471 (7 U.S.C. 4701 et seq.)) which read:

"SUBTITLE C--AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY RESEARCH

"DEFINITIONS

"SEC. 1461.For purposes of this subtitle:

"(1) The term "extension" shall have the same meaning given to such term by section 1404(7) of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3103(7)).

"(2) The term "Secretary" means the Secretary of Agriculture.

"(3) The term "State" means each of the 50 States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, Guam, the Virgin Islands of the United States, American Samoa, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, or the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands.

"(4) The term "State agricultural experiment stations" shall have the meaning given to such term by section 1404(13) of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3101(13)).

"FINDINGS

"SEC. 1462. Congress finds that--

"(1) highly productive and efficient agricultural systems and sound conservation practices are essential to ensure the long-term agricultural viability and profitability of farms and ranches in the United States;

"(2) agricultural research and technology transfer activities of the Secretary (including activities of the Extension Service, the Agricultural Research Service, and the Cooperative State Research Service), State cooperative extension services, land-grant and other colleges and universities, and State agricultural experiment stations--

"(A) have contributed greatly to innovation in agriculture; and

"(B) have a continuing role to play in improving agricultural productivity;

"(3) the annual irretrievable loss of billions of tons of precious topsoil through wind and water erosion reduces agricultural productivity;

"(4) many farmers and ranchers are highly dependent on machines and energy resources for agricultural production;

"(5) public funding of a properly planned and balanced agricultural research program is essential to improving efficiency in agricultural production and conservation practices; and

"(6) expanded agricultural research and extension efforts are needed to assist farmers and ranchers to--

"(A) improve agricultural productivity; and

"(B) implement soil, water, and energy conservation practices.

"PURPOSES

"SEC. 1463.It is the purpose of this subtitle to--

"(1) facilitate and promote scientific investigation in order to--

"(A) enhance agricultural productivity;

"(B) maintain the productivity of land;

"(C) reduce soil erosion and loss of water and plant nutrients; and

"(D) conserve energy and natural resources; and

"(2) facilitate the conduct of research projects in order to study agricultural production systems that--

"(A) are located, to the extent practicable, in areas that possess various soil, climatic, and physical characteristics;

"(B) have been, and will continue to be, managed using farm production practices that rely on--

"(i) items purchased for the production of an agricultural commodity; and

"(ii) a variety of conservation practices; and

"(C) are subjected to a change from the practices described in subparagraph (B)(i) to the practices described in subparagraph (B)(ii).

"INFORMATION STUDY

"SEC. 1464. (a) Subject to section 1468, the Secretary shall inventory and classify by subject matter all studies, reports, and other materials developed by any person or governmental agency with the participation or financial assistance of the Secretary, that could be used to promote the purposes of this subtitle.

"(b) In carrying out subsection (a), the Secretary shall--

"(1) identify, assess, and classify existing information and research reports that will further the purposes of this subtitle, including information and research relating to legume-crop rotation, the use of green manure, animal manures, and municipal wastes in agricultural production, soil acidity, liming in relation to nutrient release, intercropping, the role of organic matter in soil productivity and erosion control, the effect of topsoil loss on soil productivity, and biological methods of weed, disease, and insect control;

"(2) identify which of such reports provide useful information and make such useful reports available to farmers and ranchers; and

"(3) identify gaps in such information and carry out a research program to fill such gaps.

"RESEARCH PROJECTS

"SEC. 1465. (a) Subject to section 1468, in cooperation with Federal and State research agencies and agricultural producers, the Secretary shall conduct such research projects as are needed to obtain data, draw conclusions, and demonstrate technologies necessary to promote the purposes of this subtitle.

"(b) In carrying out subsection (a), the Secretary shall conduct projects and studies in areas that are broadly representative of United States agricultural production, including production on small farms.

"(c) In carrying out subsection (a), the Secretary may conduct research projects involving crops, soils, production methods, and weed, insect, and disease pests on individual fields or other areas of land.

"(d) In the case of a research project conducted under this section that involves the planting of a sequence of crops, the Secretary shall conduct such project for a term of--

"(1) at least 5 years; and

"(2) to the extent practicable, 12 to 15 years.

"(e)(1) In coordination with the Extension Service and State cooperative extension services, the Secretary shall take such steps as are necessary to ensure that farmers and ranchers are aware of projects conducted under this section.

"(2) The Secretary shall ensure that such projects are open for public observation at specified times.

"(f)(1) Subject to paragraph (2), the Secretary may indemnify an operator of a project conducted under this section for damage incurred or undue losses sustained as a result of a rigid requirement of research or demonstra tion under such project that is not experienced in normal farming operations.

"(2) An indemnity payment under paragraph (1) shall be subject to any agreement between a project grantee and operator entered into prior to the initiation of such project.

"COORDINATION

"SEC. 1466. The Secretary shall--

"(1) establish a panel of experts consisting of representatives of the Agricultural Research Service, Cooperative State Research Service, Soil Conservation Service, Extension Service, State cooperative extension services, State agricultural experiment stations, and other specialists in agricultural research and technology transfer; and

"(2) ensure that a research project under this subtitle is designed after taking into consideration the views of such panel.

"REPORTS

"SEC. 1467. The Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate--

"(1) not later than 180 days after the effective date of this subtitle, a report describing the design of research projects established in accordance with sections 1465 and 1466;

"(2) not later than 15 months after the effective date of this subtitle, a report describing the results of the program carried out under section 1464; and

"(3) not later than April 1, 1987, and each April 1 thereafter, a report describing the progress of projects conducted under this subtitle, including--

"(A) a summary and analysis of data collected under such projects; and

"(B) recommendations based on such data for new basic or applied research.

"AGREEMENTS

"SEC. 1468. The Secretary may carry out sections 1464 and 1465 through agreements with land-grant colleges or universities, other universities, State agricultural experiment stations, nonprofit organizations, or Federal or State governmental entities, that have demonstrated appropriate expertise in agricultural research and technology transfer.

"DISSEMINATION OF DATA

"SEC. 1469. The Secretary shall--

"(1) make available through the Extension Service and State cooperative extension services--

"(A) the information and research reports identified under section 1464; and

"(B) the information and conclusions resulting from any research project conducted under section 1465; and

"(2) otherwise take such steps as are necessary to ensure that such material is made available to the public.

"AUTHORIZATION FOR APPROPRIATIONS

"SEC. 1470. There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary to carry out this subtitle, to remain available until expended.

"EFFECTIVE DATE

"SEC. 1471. This subtitle shall become effective on October 1, 1985."