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Agronomic & Forage Crops
Field and forage crops are grown on most of the more than 200 million acres of harvested cropland in the United States. These crops provide the food, feed grain, oil, and fiber for domestic consumption, and they are a major component of U.S. export trade. NIFA supports research and extension efforts to achieve optimum economic returns with minimal adverse environmental impacts.

Uses of grain, oil, and fiber crops for industrial purposes are substantial and increasing. Competition from world markets has kept the price of farm commodities low, while the cost of production continues to increase. To stay competitive, farmers have had to adopt innovative practices, such as high-yielding cultivars, labor-saving equipment, and chemical inputs. At the same time, they must maintain a balance between yield and input costs, as well as monitor environmental impacts. These challenges are likely to intensify. Therefore, the need for NIFA support for agronomic research, extension, and education is greater now than ever before.
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